The Internet of Things has expanded significantly over the past few years – if you still don’t know what it is, you must be living under a rock. Devices connected to the Internet and with each other send and receive various data that you may need or want to know about the world surrounding you every day.
You must have heard about the concept of smart homes, right? Well, that’s just the tip of the iceberg. IoT is much more than just your fridge doing the shopping for you. It’s visible in data science and analytics, IT & Networking, Wearables which everyone seems to use right now, security, connected home and many more. So how do people go about developing Internet of Things? What does it entail and how to prepare yourself to start your IoT development journey?
The creation of IoT devices
Looking at the development processes for IoT devices, there are two main angles you must consider anytime you start your new prototype. It all hinges on embedded programming. You must think about the small computer that you will ember in the object or device as well as the software that will make it run. Although it may seem difficult at first, developing software of IoT uses programming languages and operating systems already used by mobile and web developers.
This makes developing IoT easier for both professionals and amateur programmers – everyone can make their smart home with some basic programming skills and proper hardware.
Platforms, hardware, software – everything you need to know before you start
Every product needs a platform on which it will eventually launch. One of the most popular hardware and software platforms for creating interactive IoT objects and devices is the Arduino platform. It includes a physical board processor, shields with individual libraries of C code and an integrated development environment for writing, compiling and uploading code. You’ll also need some hardware to go with your project.
Boards like Arduino Uno or Raspberry Pi 2 are perfect for small prototypes developed for fun as well as some more heavy-duty processing. There is obviously hardware for industrial development and mass-produced IoT devices as well. Your choice depends solely on the computing power you will need to support your project. And then there is the programming stage. IoT used to have its unique programming languages created specifically for embedded systems. Now, if you know more common languages like C++ or Java, your project has the same chance of becoming successful.
The infographic above shows full IT service lifecycle. Thanks to modern approach to IoT, software management seems to be quite easier.
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